italianize yourself

Verbo Presente - Present Tense

The present tense lets us speak about what's happening in the present, or the near future. In Italian, there are 3 regular verb conjugations:

-are
-ere
-ire

We know who the subject is based on the ending that is attached to the root. In order to get the root, we must remove the ending of the infinitive. As an example, let's take a look at the infinitive parlare (to speak).


Root Ending
parl- -are

Once we have the root, conjugating the verb is easy. Below we can see what the conjugated forms look like for "I speak", and "you speak".

Subject Root Ending Final
io (I) parl o io parlo
tu (you) parl i tu parli

Below is 1 example for each of the three conjugations.

Parlare (speak)
io (I) parl-o
tu (you) parl-i
lui/lei (he/she) parl-a
noi (we) parl-iamo
voi (you pl) parl-ate
loro (they) parl-ano
Leggere (read)
io (I) legg-o
tu (you) legg-i
lui/lei (he/she) legg-e
noi (we) legg-iamo
voi (you pl) legg-ete
loro (they) legg-ono
Dormire (sleep)
io (I) dorm-o
tu (you) dorm-i
lui/lei (he/she) dorm-e
noi (we) dorm-iamo
voi (you pl) dorm-ite
loro (they) dorm-ono


A final note: Roots ending in "i" do not double it when we conjugate the tu form. For example, mangiare (to eat) ends in "i" after we remove the -are (mangi). "You eat" would be "tu mangi", and not "tu mangii".

Practice

Let's practice what we learned so far. Below you'll see a subject and verb. Drag and drop the red block with the correct ending to the gray block. If you're correct, the bar on the bottom will turn green, and the correct word will be displayed. If you're incorrect, the bar will turn red, and the correct word will be displayed. Click on the bar to see your next word.

Remember, the verb ending must agree with the subject.